Peasant Autonomy
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Story 74

Anatolia, Turkey – 1922

Black bombs

for bigger picture click on this photo

(Photo: Jean and Nathalie)

Anatolia, Turkey.

In the moonlight, the bullock carts drive on. Women walk alongside the farm carts with their solid oak wheels. This time, no golden grain lies on the carts. Instead, they are filled with black bombs. Sometimes a baby well wrapped up is sleeping on top of the bombs. The women continue in silence; they go on endlessly. In this way, they brought the ammunition to the place where the new Turkish army would start the decisive counter-attack to expel the intruders.

At the end of the First World War French, Greek and other armies occupied big parts of Anatolia. An army of the Turkish independence movement, mostly peasants, drove the occupiers away.


The beautiful epic Human Landscapes from My Country (1966) from the Turkish poet Nâzım Hikmet paints with a lot of anecdotes the life of poor Turks in the first half of the twentieth century. A few of his stories are about peasants.

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= the next page:
Sokugo, the wandering disease - savanna region, Nigeria – about 1925, story 75.
= the Table of contents, story 74.